UN agency adopts strict environmental rules for polar shipping
Polar Code prohibits discharges of oil, “noxious liquid substances”
The International Maritime Organization has adopted strict new environmental rules for ships operating in the Arctic and Antarctic seas, following a meeting of the IMO’s marine environment protection committee that wrapped up May 15 in London.
The Polar Code, six years in the making, comes into effect Jan. 1, 2017.
The new global environmental regulations for polar shipping are part of a regulatory package that includes a new set of safety rules adopted this past December, an IMO news release said May 15.
The environmental rules include:
• a prohibition on any discharge of oil or oily substances into Arctic and Antarctic waters and a rule stating that oil fuel tanks must be separated from the outer shell of the ship;
• a prohibition against discharge of “noxious liquid substances” or mixtures of such substances;
• a prohibition against the discharge of garbage;
• ground food waste may be discharged, but not onto ice or in areas less than 12 nautical miles from land; and
• sewage may not be discharged unless it is disinfected.
The safety regulations adopted last December cover ship design, equipment, crew training and search-and-rescue issues.
The code will apply to all new vessels constructed after Jan. 1, 2017.
Vessels constructed prior to Jan. 1, 2017 must comply by Jan. 1, 2018.
But the new Polar Code still has critics.
The organization, Friends of the Earth, said in a May 15 release that the IMO omitted many important issues from the environmental portion of the new code, namely, a ban on heavy fuel oil use by vessels in the Arctic.
Eliminating heavy fuel oil use would have the dual benefit of reducing oil spill damage risk and decreasing black carbon emissions, Friends of the Earth said.
Other omissions in the Code include mandatory invasive species protections, graywater restrictions, underwater noise abatement and sufficient oil spill response requirements, its news release said.
“Increased shipping in the Arctic — which is experiencing the acute effects of climate change — threatens the region’s ecology, its residents and their traditional subsistence practices. The IMO must include measures that are precautionary, comprehensive and robust in order to truly protect the region from the impacts of shipping,” said John Kaltenstein, marine policy analyst at Friends of the Earth and participant in the IMO negotiations, in the release.