In violent crime, Nunavut is the national champion
Territory leads Canada in severity of criminal violence
Nunavut once again bucked Canadian crime trends this year, with Statistics Canada confirming July 20 what many Nunavummiut already know: that crime, especially violent crime, is getting worse in Nunavut.
Canada’s overall crime rate — which StatsCan now calls a crime severity index — was 22 per cent lower in 2009 than in 1999.
But, in Nunavut, the overall crime rate is rising. Nunavut has jumped ahead of the Northwest Territories and now owns the highest overall crime rate in Canada.
The per capita crime rate in Nunavut is still three times higher than in Canada, says the StasCan report which annually surveys all criminal incidents reported to Canadian police services.
And, based on a new measurement, the crime severity index, Nunavut’s even worse, especially for violent crimes.
The severity of violent crime in Nunavut, according to data that analyzed the severity of about 200 types of criminal offences, is about six times worse that Canada’s and much worse than in the NWT.
StatsCan calculated the crime severity index for each jurisdiction by assigning a weighted score to each reported criminal offence, based on its severity.
In nearly every category of crime, Nunavut topped every other jurisdiction in the country
For example, from 2008 to 2009, the per capita rate of homicide in Nunavut rose by 47 per cent and the break-and-enter rate rose by 26 per cent.
There were also increases in per capita rates of property crime, arrests for trafficking marijuana and other drugs, vehicle theft and impaired driving —which are all higher in Nunavut than in every other jurisdiction.
Nunavut also saw increases in the rate of crimes committed by youth, which was nearly five times higher in Nunavut than in rest of Canada.
In the rest of Canada youth crime dropped, but, in Nunavut, it was up by 18 per cent, with violent crime by youth rising 71 per cent between 2008 and 2009.
Most crime rate numbers for the NWT were down, including for the overall crime rate.