Nunavut population may hit 44,000 by 2036
Arviat the fastest-growing community
New statistics predict that Nunavut’s population is expected to grow despite an increasing number of people leaving.
A new report from the Nunavut Bureau of Statistics using data from Statistics Canada concluded that, given trends since 1996, Nunavut’s population in 2036 could reach 44,581.
Of Nunavut’s 25 communities, the largest per capita increase would occur in Arviat, followed by Repulse Bay and Coral Harbour.
The slowest growing communities are Gjoa Haven, Cambridge Bay and Kugluktuk, in that order.
Statistics Canada gathered numbers from income tax returns, birth and death certificates and family allowance payouts.
The population growth of Nunavut is entirely due to its birth rate, the highest in Canada, the report says
The Kivalliq’s fertility rate is the highest in Nunavut at 3.2 per cent per year. The Kitikmeot’s fertility rate is the lowest at 2.5 per cent, but still far higher than the Canadian rate of 1.7 per cent.
There are also more deaths per year in Nunavut, although the death rate is actually decreasing once the increased population size is factored in.
There’s also more migration out of Nunavut than before, averaging out to 236 more people moving out of the territory than are moving in.
The Baffin region experienced a major population explosion after the creation of Nunavut, mainly due to immigration to Iqaluit. Since then the region’s rate of growth has slowed.
Nunavut remains exceptionally young; 35 per cent of the population was less than 18 years old in 2009.
Meanwhile, the oldest age bracket, 65 and over, comprised only 3 per cent of the population in 2009 but by 2036, will reach 10 per cent.