Denmark apologizes for a ‘heartless’ social experiment that took Greenland children from their families

In 1951, 22 children were taken from their homes and sent to Denmark with the aim to educate them as “role models”

The 2010 film “The Experiment”, based on the 1998 book that brought the “experiment kids” to light, follows the lives of the children after their return to Greenland (Nimbus Film)

By Kevin McGwin
Arctic Today

Nearly 70 years after 22 Greenlandic children were taken from their families and brought to Denmark to learn to be “role models” for a country that was on the cusp of modernization, the Danish state has formally apologized for subjecting them to an experiment that broke “their bonds to their families and relatives, to their life stories, to Greenland and their people.”

Today, Greenland is a self-governing member of the Kingdom of Denmark, but, in 1951, when the children were sent to Denmark, it was a colony.

“We can’t change what happened, but we can shoulder our responsibility and apologize to the people we failed in our responsibility to care for,” Mette Frederiksen, the prime minister, said in an address to the Folketing, the national assembly, on Tuesday.

Earlier in the day, the six living participants in the program received a signed letter from Frederiksen in which she described their treatment in Denmark as “unfair and heartless.”

“I know that neither a single letter — nor a single word — can make up for a life’s worth of loss. And, it is, of course, up to you decide whether this apology is something that will make a difference in your life.”

Helene Thiesen, today 75, was seven when she travelled to Denmark. She has been one of the most outspoken of what are known as the “experiment kids” and has written a book about her experience. She told Danish media that the apology was “a relief.”

“It is really, really important,” she said. “It means everything.”

The experiment first came to light in 1998 with the publication of a book detailing the lives of the children, who were all between the ages of five and eight at the time, after their 18-month stay in Denmark came to an end.

Several of the prime ministers who have held office since then have offered various reasons for not apologizing, with one calling it “a closed chapter” and another arguing that, at the time, it was deemed to be in Greenland’s best interests.

Yesterday’s apology comes after Frederiksen, in 2019, indicated that she was prepared to admit to “children who were forced to be Danish” that they had been part of a failed experiment that had had disastrous personal consequences.

An official statement, however, would wait until the completion of a report that laid out the details of what the rationale for sending the children to Denmark had been and how it had affected their lives.

That report, published yesterday, admitted that while the aim of sending the children, who were chosen, in part, for their intellectual ability, to Denmark to learn Danish had been to give them “a good life,” the outcome was the opposite: “loneliness; a feeling of being different and rootless; and a lost, divided and uncertain identity.”

Six of the children were adopted by their Danish host families. The 16 who returned to Greenland spent the rest of their childhoods living at a specially built orphanage.

Their situation “can be described as a form of ‘double homelessness,’” the report states, “in which they didn’t feel like they belonged amongst their families or their countrymen.”

In large part, this was because their stay in Denmark resulted in a loss of their ability to speak Greenlandic.

“When they lost their Greenlandic, they lost their bond to the Greenlandic society in which they lived, and the children they interacted with in particular reacted by insulting or teasing them. Later in life, they still found that they were not viewed as ‘real Greenlanders’ by their countrymen. In Denmark and in Greenland, their appearance suggested they were Greenlandic, but they were rejected as Greenlandic because they didn’t speak the language.”

And even though the report found no pattern when it came to the impact of the experiment on the participants, it did find that most eventually moved away from Greenland and many became substance abusers and developed mental issues. Half died before the age of 70.

“In general,” the report said, “it is fairly obvious that most of the 22 struggled their entire lives with deep social and personal problems.”

Below: trailer from “The Experiment,” a 2010 film, based on a 1998 book that brought the “experiment kids” to light, that follows the lives of the children after their return to Greenland.

This article originally appeared at Arctic Today and is republished with permission.

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(8) Comments:

  1. Posted by Outcasts from home on

    It’s sad that their own people would outcast them. I can’t believe that a people could be cruel to an already hurtful situation of their own.

    • Posted by Peter on

      It is not merely being outcaste, they lost their culture and language, forced to assimilate to the Danish culture.
      When you can’t really speak with your own people it is very difficult to be part of the culture.
      What was done to these little kids by the Danish government was more cruel, I think we need to keep the focus and light on the government and not try to change the narrative for some to make it less then what it is.

      • Posted by Heartlessness both dides on

        It’s unbelievable, that the Greenlandic culture appear to not accept them, as they were again being subjected to heartless treatment. We are talking about people here, not animals, where a dog or a wolf would abandon the young as they are handling by people or people interfering onto the pups. This documentary doesn’t go far enough to show the further ramifications of heartlessness. It’s not a change of narrative, rather an additional documentation that needs to be told.

        • Posted by The same here on

          It’s the same thing that happened here in Nunavut, yes when they returned after many months or years, they came back as different people, and of course were treated differently for some time but eventually they were treated better. But we can’t forget how this all started, by the government to destroy the culture in the native person, to kill the native inside. To assimilate, this was far worse and it is the reason for how difficult their lives became.

          You can continue to focus your attention on a smaller section instead of looking at the whole picture. What the governments did was cultural genocide. That’s what they attempted and as the years go by this will come out more and more in the history books.

      • Posted by It’s wrong and needs to be told on

        It’s been the same thing happening to Inuit forever. They are mistreated by another culture, only to be mistreated further by their own culture, when they need their own people most. I can’t even express my disquisition to this. Look at young and even older Inuit today that lost the language, it’s the same , shamed by their own people. I’m not one to be impressed even if many or some are.

      • Posted by More cruelty on

        Your argument don’t do it. More cruel by the danish government , but supposedly lest cruel by Greenlandic, as to admit a certain cruelty by the people which they want and need the most. I’m sick.

  2. Posted by No wonder on

    How can we expect som people to show some live and respect and acceptance to other peoples of different cultures, when they disowned their own people, even thought these disowned people were victims of this heartlessness. The least people can do is not abandon your own .

  3. Posted by Hans on

    A lot of assumptions by some who do not want to admit what the Danish government did was more cruel and wrong, maybe there is some level of guilt and you prefer to assume they were disowned by their own people by choice, what you fail to understand is the Danes had a lot of control and decided how they will live and even when they returned where they will live.
    The governments did so much damage but you till prefer to focus on one part of the situation and fail to see it as a whole and not admit it was the government’s fault for what they did to these kids and families.
    I see we still have a long way to go to remove this colonial way of thinking and assuming.

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