On Christmas day in 2018, Letia Kyak visits her youngest child, Martha Kyak in Ottawa. (Photo courtesy of Martha Kyak)

Pond Inlet’s oldest elder remembered as strict, loving and selfless

‘She was a very good example of Inuit, when you lose so much, how to remain strong,’ says daughter Martha

By David Venn
Local Journalism Initiative Reporter

When Letia Kyak moved to a tiny outpost on the southern tip of Ellesmere Island in 1951, she went to work doing what she did best — sewing uniforms out of caribou hide for the RCMP officers stationed there, and her husband, a special constable.

Tununiq MLA David Qamaniq paid tribute to Kyak’s life during the recent sitting of Nunavut’s legislative assembly. She was a master seamstress who spent years at the Craig Harbour RCMP detachment, near Grise Fiord.

Beneath portraits that her daughter, Martha Kyak, painted for her, Letia Kyak sits in Martha’s Ottawa living room in 2018, looking at old family photos. (Photo courtesy of Martha Kyak)

Kyak died on June 28 after breaking her hip two weeks prior, while in care at Embassy West Senior Living in Ottawa, said Martha Kyak, the youngest of Letia’s 11 children.

At around 18, Letia married Lazaroosie Kyak, who served as an RCMP special constable for nearly three decades.

Martha said her mother and father were moved to Craig Harbour, but the federal government doesn’t consider them to have been relocated because it was for Lazaroosie’s work.

“Up there, they were all alone: one family and two RCMP [officers],” Martha said. “And they had to prepare for the people that would be relocated.”

Letia would sew caribou clothing for RCMP officers in exchange for little pay, in addition to sewing for her husband and children, Qamaniq said, and preparing food for families who joined them in the High Arctic.

“[Letia] had to treat them like family and make sure that they are well taken care of,” Martha said.

The Kyaks moved back to Pond Inlet in 1960, Martha said, where Letia lived until moving to Ottawa in February 2017.

Letia was born in Usualuk, near Pangnirtung, in late December, around 1922 — which would make her about 98 when she died.

Letia Kyak talks with her childhood friend, Qaapik Attagutsiak, an elder from Arctic Bay, during an honour ceremony in January 2020 for Attagutsiak’s efforts during the Second World War. Attagutsiak gathered animal remains to be repurposed into fertilizer and ammunition. (Photo courtesy of Martha Kyak)

“At that time, when [the government was] issuing birth certificates, when they were registering Inuit, a lot of them were guessing what year, what month and what day they were born,” Martha said.

But Martha said if you were to ask Letia’s childhood friend, elder Qaapik Attagutsiak, who celebrated her 100th birthday in 2020, she’d say Letia was a few years older than her.

Letia didn’t know her father, as he died as a young man, and was adopted and raised by her grandmother in Pond Inlet in her teens, Martha said.

She remembers her mother as being chatty, selfless, strict and loving — characteristics she has learned to appreciate over the years.

There was no smoking, drinking, swearing or gossiping allowed in the Kyak household when Martha grew up. During the long, bright days during the Pond Inlet summer, Martha said she and her siblings were inside at bedtime and able to hear children playing in the streets.

“She had her values that were very high and expected the same for her children,” Martha said. “And if you didn’t listen, you’d get a slap or something.”

Letia was active in the community, teaching Sunday school in Pond Inlet for many years and holding sewing lessons.

“She attended every event. She was a social butterfly. She would go everywhere and talk to people,” Martha said.

If she needed help getting to those events, passing drivers knew she’d try to stop them for a ride.

“She would stop you if you’re in a car, truck or even in a four-wheeler with many kids,” Martha said, with a laugh. “She’d stop you and she’d get on.”

To Martha, her mother was a courageous role model, not only for her, but for all Inuit.

Letia experienced many tragedies in her life, Martha said. Her husband died of a sudden heart attack; she lost seven of her 11 children to tragedies that included murder, a plane crash, freezing and the residential school system. But she carried on.

“She was a very good example of Inuit, when you lose so much, how to remain strong,” Martha said. “And a lot of Inuit saw her and were able to cope with their loss knowing that she lost her family and was able to learn.”

Letia has family across Nunavut, mainly in the Qikiqtaaluk region, and in Qaanaaq, Greenland.

She is survived by her children, Moses Kyak, Martha Kyak, April Kyak-Pitseolak and Carmen Kyak, her adopted son, Charlie Inuarak, and adopted grandchildren, Gordie Kyak, Aaron Pitseolak and Gina Komangapik.

“Family was so important to her.”

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(6) Comments:

  1. Posted by michel cooke on

    Great example for the people today, despite having little she did goog to many people, her story should be teach in schools

  2. Posted by michel cooke on

    having spent almost 2 years in Baker Lake mime and a few months in Iqaluit, I wish sincerely that young inuit people learn tradeor profession so Nunavut can prosper and keep young people tehere.

    I do love cariboo meat, have anybody tough about raising cariboo and process meat

    all the best my friends

  3. Posted by Deeply moved on

    Wonderful read, an enchanting and poignant tale of a long and sometimes difficult life well lived. Qujannamiik, Martha, for sharing, and to David for writing it all down.

  4. Posted by Caribou Hunter on

    Wow she was from that generation that had respect and honour to any human being may God bless her soul and rest in peace.

    • Posted by Trudy Iverson on

      Thankyou for sharing 💕

  5. Posted by Minnie Grey on

    My condolences to the Kyak family on their loss of a great mother.
    I have never met Litia, but as a teenager going to school in Ottawa, I heard so much about the Kyak family as I was a room mate of Carmen Kyak. We stayed with a family in Bayshore and went to the Bayshore Public School.
    We went our separate ways after that, but I have always remembered Carmen and how she supported me while I was entering a whole new life of going to school away from home.

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