Taissumani, March 6

Place names recall three Inuit and a police patrol

Lazaroosee Kyak, who became an RCMP special constable known throughout the eastern Arctic. (Harper collection)

By Kenn Harper

In the spring of 1943 a dogsled patrol left Pond Inlet, bound for Home Bay on Baffin Island’s east coast. In charge was Sgt. Hugh McBeth, a veteran RCMP officer.

In charge of a team of 15 dogs each were special constable Koomanapik and “temporarily employed Native” Kyak—he was not yet a special constable.

The purpose of the trip was to investigate a suspected murder reported to have happened somewhere down the coast during the previous summer.

On such patrols, the RCMP routinely reported on living conditions among Inuit they encountered and on the prevalence of game animals. This patrol would visit the Hudson’s Bay Co.’s post at Clyde River, and rendezvous in Home Bay with another police patrol that had set out from Pangnirtung.

At Clyde River they learned that an Inuit man, Simeonee, was suspected of having murdered his wife, Kudloo, while caribou hunting in the interior.

This map shows the four place names associated with Sgt. Hugh McBeth’s 1,285-kilometre round trip between Pond Inlet and Home Bay in 1943.

At the end of March, the two patrols met in Home Bay. Const. Hastie of the Pangnirtung detachment had travelled with a missionary, Rev. Arthur Turner, and an unnamed Inuk referred to only as the “Mission Native.”

Hastie had reached Clyde River first and had already taken a statement from a local man, Kooneeloosie, who was living in Home Bay and had found the body of the deceased in the interior the previous summer.

McBeth decided that he and Kyak would travel inland to recover the body, accompanied by Kooneeloosie, Const. Hastie, the “Mission Native,” HBC manager Cormack, and a man from Clyde River, Angnacoudlak (Arnakallak.) Koomanapik was sent to find Simeonee and keep track of his whereabouts.

It was an arduous trip. McBeth and party left Home Bay on April 3 and did not reach the woman’s grave site for almost two weeks. McBeth noted that “the trail to the interior is very difficult. The only place to get on the land is from Arctic Harbour and this is a mountainous part of the coast, with the only trail up a river-bed which is filled with rocks and boulders, and these are seldom covered with snow during winter.”

The patrol was short of provisions, so Const. Hastie with his two teams turned back on April 8. Cormack and Angnacoudlak did the same four days later.

McBeth continued on with Kyak and Kooneeloosie. They found Kudloo’s body on the 14th, covered by an old tent and two caribou skins under a pile of rocks. McBeth was perplexed—there was plenty of blood on the woman’s body, but he could find no wound. They loaded the body onto a sled and returned to the coast.

The woman’s body was taken to Pond Inlet for examination later that summer by the medical officer of the supply ship. Simeonee was taken into custody and taken to Pond Inlet for interrogation. In the short time since Kudloo’s death, he had taken another wife, and she came along as well. In the end, he was not charged with any crime.

The round trip from Pond Inlet covered approximately 1,285 kilometres. Kyak was paid $2.50 per day for himself and the use of his 15 dogs, as well an “ordinary patrol ration.” His family in Pond Inlet was provided with a “single Police Native ration.”

Koomanapik was employed as a special constable, and so was on an annual salary, not mentioned in the police report. The informant, Kooneeloosie, was paid $1 per day for 19 days; other Inuit were paid at the same rate.

In 1966, the lake near where Kudloo’s body was found was named Kudloo Lake in her memory. The long fiord up which the patrol had travelled was named McBeth Fiord. Two additional lakes near its head were named Kyak Lake and Kooneeloosie Lake.

Kyak went on to become a special constable, known throughout the eastern Arctic. These four names are important memorials to a difficult police patrol, a deceased woman and two heroic Inuit men.

Taissumani is an occasional column that recalls events of historical interest. Kenn Harper is a historian and writer who lived in the Arctic for over 50 years. He is the author of “Minik, the New York Eskimo” and “Thou Shalt Do No Murder,” among other books. Feedback? Send your comments and questions to kennharper@hotmail.com.

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(6) Comments:

  1. Posted by Krista Gates on

    Where is Home Bay? Or what is it called now?

    • Posted by Kenn Harper on

      Home Bay is on the east coast of Baffin Island, between Clyde River and Qikiqtarjuaq (Broughton Island on older maps). It is the long shallow indentation on the coast south of Cape Henry Kater.

  2. Posted by INUK Hunter on

    So , what or how did the woman die ?

    • Posted by Kenn Harper on

      The RCMP report does not say. And I haven’t found anything from the medical officer on the summer supply ship.

      • Posted by kataisee on

        This was one of the researches I have done with the elders and it was known by Inuit that Kalluk was killed by her husband and hid the knife inside the body that was found after the confession of her husband during interrogation. Even my mother does not know if Simeonee who was also known as Qajaaq same namesake as Lazaroosie Kyak was ever incarcerated for the crime.

        • Posted by Jobie Weetaluktuk on

          Good to hear about local knowledge, Kataisee.

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